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The Real Dynamics of International History (Affairs): Resistance, War and Revolution (from the Age of Alexander to the Present) MUST READ!!!!!!!


Introduction: The Lies of International Scholars

The single most important critic on the international academic works is that these do not present the world as it really is, but rather what they (a) hope it should be (b) or how it is from own ideological-cultural backgrounds (mirror-imaging). This problem can be traced throughout the western dominated international studies (international politics, geopolitical studies, strategic studies, security studies, international history).

The best source of primary data, supporting this argument, is a study conducted over five years by the Centre of Critical International Studies at the Williams and Mary College (US). The study showed that these fields were completely dominated by western white men (not women or ethnics, hence, the feminists and post-colonialists concerns), with close associations to the western government; hence, another criticism that these field rather than find ways to describe and define the realities (based on their claims of following positivists approach to research), these rather tend to maintain and provide legitimacy and justification for the status quo, based around the western dominance of the rest, through fear-mongering concepts of ‘security-dilemma’ and ‘anarchy’.

In short, if you want to understand the realities of the things as they are, especially in politics and security matters in the globe (the high politics issues) never ever look towards the academic world for truth. Not the realist, not the liberal schools, social constructivists, or post-modernists provide any truth, but only what they believe to be so, and to be of accepted nature to their patron-states (the prince-effect is still present: this refers to the nature of how Machiavelli best-selling work, The Prince, was written in mind with an attempt to find favour with his new masters of Florence).

Now, lets move to examining the world as it has been since the age of Alexander the Great of Macedonia.

I. The Origins of Western Practise of International Lebensraum

During the reign of Alexander the Great, the first western state, the white men, first attempted to apply the theory of Lebensraum (towards the eastern lands); that occupation of the eastern lands for own benefits (and the natural riches).

For supporting articles and referred works, see these posts:

1. https://geopoliticalintelligence.wordpress.com/2011/10/04/on-the-economics-of-competitive-national-advantages-in-global-politics-examined-via-a-statement-of-the-day-incl-selected-headlines-for-you/

2. https://geopoliticalintelligence.wordpress.com/2011/11/22/two-thoughts-on-international-politics-how-to-play-it-economics-how-to-revive-it/

Lebensraum as a theory and practise was not unique to the Third Reich, under Hitler Leadership, but rather it has been an essential part of western foreign policy from Alexander to Romans, Christian-Europe, of Spanish and Portuguese imperial competitions, to the Dutch and British Naval overseas colonial scrambles and to the present age of Anglo-Saxon imperial continuity.

Alexander went as far as India. The Romans, as far as Persia and North Africa. The Middle Ages Holy Roman Empire held what it had inherited from the Roman dissolution, and from there various states from within started to scramble for the booty, as Spain and Portugal first gained the most, then challenged by the Franks of France, and from there the new actor in power politics, Britain, sought her shares, especially that from beyond European powers, and the world behavioural pattern was set; western aggressive lebensraum and the rest defensive resistance.

For the next four centuries, the western lebensraum was clothed with imperial interest and competition, to national interests and security, to democratic support against the communists, and to the present the freedom marches of Neo-Liberalism. The rest continued to show resistance against the western aggression into their affairs and territories, and it is this resistance, wars and revolution from the rest we turn to next.

II. Resistance, War and Revolution: The Rest Reacts

The rest have never sought to colonised or even dominate the west, after all as Ponting excellent work (see the posts above) noted, the west had nothing (no natural riches or any thing of strategic significance) that the east or the rest really wanted (remind me of the statement I read once, in a diplomatic archive, how during the first meeting between a white man and Chinese statesman, the latter laughed at a remark that China needs western capital and trade made by his visitor, and pointed out the window, see what we have, in plenty).

In short, this peaceful nature of the rest and aggression of the west in international history can be easily observed through symbolic architectural analysis. For example, the eastern peaceful nature was based around the interests of only trading with others, this has been represented by the symbolism of Silk Road (from East to West). Now, the aggression of the West is symbolised through the war/battle monuments, shrines and colonial settlements that can be traced along the silk road and alternatives, as the west goes towards the east.

From , then own, the rest have been in armed combat with the western aggression, resisting further dominance, and this was initially attained at a regional level when decolonisation of the non-western regions was finally achieved (just about). Though, not completely, as the west continued to exert covert influences, in attempts to hold on whatever influence they had through the top-tier of ruling classes (educated in the west, and seen as able to be pursued to be allies, and play by the western rules). Most, especially, in Africa, Asia and Middle East played by the rules, for example the self-proclaimed kings of Arabia, the kings of Asia Minor, the new Rulers of Africa, and some refused outright; for example, the rise of pan-Arabian nationalism (Baathists, still present in Syria, hence, the ever long struggle to deal with this problem child), and the Mugabes of Africa (with nothing of significant need for the west, these are usually left alone until they die, or opportunity comes for coup de main). The Latin America still exists the mixed of pro-dominance and anti-dominace, as more recent, the Mercusor bloc decided to change the rule of Falklands (the first step towards total independence for the island away from the little Britain).

In short, the resistance against the western lebensraum/aggression has been going on for centuries now, and more recent, after the defeat from the regional level, the resistance have taken the war internationally, trying to make for the first time, international relations to be of equals not western dominated, and it was the Islamic fighters who strike first, with 9/11 act (death of more than 2’500; but nine years after this, it has cost 100 times the losses of lives in the hands of western aggression, of over 250’000 people globally; I am not sympathising, but telling it as it is). This is our next review, as to what does the recent international resistance and wars means?

III. Predicting The World of the Near-Future

The west is under attack, literally, every one is encircling her, and not out of mere revenge wars, but rather because the west refuse to acknowledge the erroneous/fatalistic nature of her international behaviour. The more she respond to with force, and the more she delves into others affairs, the more others are formulating strategies of isolation and defence.

After the post-cold war age, and post-colonialism, the world was based around the concept of ‘co-operative multipolarity’, but after the strategic blunders as a result of defining the response to Islamic assault as a war, with unlimited global reaches, the world changed into ‘defensive multipolarity’, and from Iraq, the notch was added into ultra-defensive, as every nation began creating alliances, moving own security spheres into line, and re-arming themselves. From China to Africa (seen well during the Libyan Agenda, when the African Union refused to accept western claims for interference).

In short;

(a) Britain

She will dissolved internally into four independent states, of Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales. She is no longer a player of any significance (as I had predicted earlier on, see e-library for my very old essays). Her recent strategic blunder is that of leaving the EU politics. She will try to hold up the ‘commonwealth’ the remnants of the imperialism, but these will also dissolve one by one, especially starting as in the past, from the ‘white dominoes’ of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa; and the rest as during the early years will follow, especially the African nations.

Her only worth is the little financial city of London (the cause of the recent strategic blunder) itself will move to mainland Europe, especially, the powers of Franfurt (Group) as the new Financial City of Europe.

(b) European Union

This will not dissolve, but integrate closely, it is necessary for her well-being, and it will come out of the crisis more powerful and stronger, and will challenge the US in future international politics. However, unlike her past, she will seek purely peaceful co-existence with the rest of the world, especially if the powers and influences of Scandinavian states grows, and without the aggressive policies of UK (and the taming of little paranoid France). She will be a model of peaceful future mankind.

(c) North America

United States and Canada, will always be under siege from within. These two states are the most unstable in the world, as ruled by colonial white man, the local natives will continue to resist, fight and seek a revolution to overthrow and regain their lands. These will be a band of a mixed non-white races, of Hispanics, Native Americans, Africans etc (As it was during the Florida Stand against Andrew Jackson Rough Riders).

For the evidence of such nature of ‘grudge-politics’, just take a look at the ‘Alsace-Lorraine’ Issue and the German-Franco relations.

(c) Latin America

The continent will free herself from the western hemisphere dominance very near-future. She will be a model of new hybrid of capitalism-socialism, and she will be a major player in international affairs, scientific and technological advances. She has a potential of supremacy in science, technology, business and living.

(d) Africa

She is already on verge of unity, and prosperity, which will continue to grow and strengthen. She will be an independent force to reckon, with peaceful nature in conduct, however, she will never forget the past humiliation, and once a slight renewal of ‘dominance’ is to be observed she will retaliate with fierce destruction and brutality; merciless revenge wars.

(e) Asia

She will be unstable, through corruption, popular uprising and continued regional wars of historical origins. No state will dominate, and she will never seek the dominance of outside world, as she will be pre-occupied with internal instabilities.

(f) Middle East

I have covered this already, search through the posts and the essays. I predicted with accuracy the events from ‘Arab Spring’ to ‘Islamists’ Rise and to coming Islamic Unity (resembling a caliphate).

(g) Russia

She will, as already reinstated, reformed into a a single leadership state, of the old Soviet. She will influence close borders, as she has always been paranoid of her border security. She is, as never, a threat to global security.

Well, I think we have covered much today, lets close this with few recommendations on new strategies, especially for the west.

IV. Recommended Strategic Rethinking In The West

Only one strategic approach can save the west from the coming encirclement, dis-entanglement or dis-connection from the internal affairs of others, and taking no sides. The aim is to wait for whatever parties who win the local civil struggles, political or war, and to form a new relations with these on political, economic interests. Never be seen, or perceived of being behind the events of local politics and affairs.

Since this ‘special interests’ in others affairs have been a source of problems, the west need to rethink their policies within this issue; to stay put (and prepare for coming war), or to dis-associate itself (and prepare for an Metternich armed peace).

In conclusion:

The world is in chaos because of the western lebensraum policy, and the rest have been resisting, fighting and revolting against these forces forever, and will do so, until the west, let the world be as natural as it had been before, and give up the western claims of ‘global ownership’.

Thank You For Reading.

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About s.s.salim: Geopolitical Analyst

Political & Strategy Defence & Security Intelligence & Communications

Discussion

12 thoughts on “The Real Dynamics of International History (Affairs): Resistance, War and Revolution (from the Age of Alexander to the Present) MUST READ!!!!!!!

  1. Wow. You missed so much history that it’s almost comical. No mention of Ghenghis Khan, the Umayyid Caliphate and the Ottoman Empire?

    No mention that much of the “lebensraum” sought in the twentieth century was sought in lands occupied by other Europeans? In regards to the 21st century, lebensraum is no longer a relevant term for Western desires, as they no longer have burgeoning populations that need more “living room”, so even if they are seeking dominance, you’re using the wrong word.

    In discussing Asia, you don’t mention either India or China. Do you really think neither is a player on the global playing field?

    I find your analysis of the UK humorous as well. I don’t think the Welsh or the Scots have any real desire for independence, though I am sure that there are indeed fringe parties supporting that.

    In the US, you again demonstrate your ignorance of our country. While each of those groups is dissatisfied, there is no regional basis for any of them and with affirmative action and diversity awareness they already are taking dominant positions without resorting to violence. Also, keep in mind that the Hispanics and African-Americans are no more “natives” of the US than those descended from European stock. The native American community is neither large, nor unified, partially due to the success of casinos by some groups, diffusion into the general community and government set-asides for native American companies. The US is a huge melting pot and people are far more likely to split along socio-economic lines than racial ones. I honestly cannot imagine any kind of revolution and you won’t find anyone who’s not a nutcase that writes about the possibility.

    I don’t study Africa, but based on the divisions within countries and between countries (often created or exploited by the colonial powers), I cannot imagine any kind of unity occurring until prosperity gets beyond bare subsistence.

    In Latin America, there is vast potential, but there must be prosperity for that potential to be reached. The current crony “socialism” of Chavez, the terrible narco-terrorism that rules many regions and the intense poverty all work against success down there. However, I can surely imagine that Latin America will emerge in my lifetime.

    In regards to the Middle East, you cheerleading for the murderous Gaddafi appears to have failed to exhibit any prescience on your part.

    Thanks for pinging me. This was amusing.

    Posted by David Navarre | December 21, 2011, 3:13 pm
    • Let see, replies:

      1. The Eastern moves into the west, you mention the Mongols who stopped by themselves on the fringes of Europe, and decided the land was not worth ruling over. Secondly, the Islamic moves, which stopped at the lower bottom of French borders, and never again tried to manoeuvre beyond their Spanish territories, and were, if you shall investigate instigated by the western skirmishes, and the Moorish Moslems (of Ummayadian) was responding to these security threats from the Frankish raids. On the Turks, these are nomad tribes, which learned civilised ways only years later and decided to stop at the borders of Mediterranean sea. All your examples, are based on reactive responses, learned behaviour based on trial and errors, and supporting the data, that the western states had nothing these countries wanted. and Even the Turks can be argued to have sought the games of the age, power politics, of territorial assets.

      2. Lebensraum, as you have define is based on the writings of Hitler, the concept began under Aristotle Age, and was based not just on living space, but resources and power over others (non-western, today), hence, in geopolitics you have the school of ‘spatial, power and knowledge’ over others. It is a practical concept not theoretical based on Hitler’s writing.

      3. The UK Crisis. If you are up to date with UK politics, you would know that, it moved from devolution, which means ‘autonomous rule’, to now at the present full calls for a full independence, by Scots, following the Welsh Plaid Cymru Party (and others), and the long wars in Ireland (in particular North for full independence, but the party affiliated with English ancestry, the Unionist, do not want this and they are well supported by London, especially the party in power at the present, and every party in power since, with claims of ‘peace fridays’).

      4. In US,, I am not talking about our life time, might be, but long time, in the end, geopolitics defines long-established conflicts, and race, I know you do not want to hear this, is a big, and has been, throughout the historical development of the colonialisation of the lands. It will stay so, and can be sparked up by smallest of event, hence, Los Angeles riots of 1990s, civil rights, segregation and so forth. The minorities are becoming the majority, and when ready I can bet all, they will challenge the status quo of things. Harvard University John Kennedy School of Government and John Hopkins are already debating the issues of minority:majority ratios.

      5. On Africa, it is really changing there is potential of peace and unity was there last year, saw remarkable changes, unrecognisable from ten years period I was last since. Go to the Economists for excellent in-depth analysis of the changing face of Africa, search Africa progress or something.

      6. I like your use of ”natives”, ”socialism”, haha, graphology always never lies…haha.

      7. In Libya, you actually believe it has been ‘done’, right? Okay. you know there is continuous on-going battles in the mountain regions, and even Tripoli, right? If not keep watching, it is very interesting. Me I care none what happens where, since, the dynamics of revolution are uncontrollable by anyone, that is fact, and the west are learning hard harsh truth of this premise, as whatever happens in the end, the have lost, and big time, and the winners are;….drums please…….Iran in Middle East (ever since Iraq War), Pakistan in Afghanistan and China, and Russia; Arabian Peninsula and North Africa, the so-called ”Islamists” (yeah quotes, the term is political), and the crescent is just about coming closer and closer. All events are not separate, but linked (find a chaos theory book and you will get the picture, and keep piecing pieces together).

      I hope I have responded to all issues.

      Posted by s.s.salem: Independent specialist | December 21, 2011, 4:25 pm
      • Nope. You still left out India and China. I think they’re closing on 1/3rd of the world’s population combined.

        Posted by David Navarre | December 21, 2011, 6:01 pm
      • I don’t think so. I have bundled these up under ‘Asia’.

        They will continue to experience internal chaos, as a result of traditions of social stratifications, corruptions, abuses of power, and dictatorial-religious fanaticism.

        Hence, these two will never ever be a threat to global security. Read the histories of these countries, you will understand my points.

        Posted by s.s.salem: Independent specialist | December 21, 2011, 6:08 pm
      • I am shocked that you see them as not worthy of note. I cannot imagine a serious student of international politics would think that way.

        Posted by David Navarre | December 21, 2011, 6:52 pm
      • Trust me, Dave, India and China are not serious players. They will never be. They are regional players, they will reach outside world with trading and business ventures but limited not in their cultures, these prefer local national and regional growths, hence, why the first Europeans went in, during Boxers wars, and massacres at kathmandu etc, for reasons of opening up these countries to outside world.

        These are not serious International players. Just to make it more clearer. Their cultures have no reasons, needs, or goals for international affairs. These are local and regional players only.Hence, for me, and for history, South America is the most profitable region for future investment. If you have money, and want to start preparing for that 401(k)+ invest in the Latin American businesses and lands, especially, in Brazil, Argentina, Chile and even Venezuela. She is the future of new ‘capitalism’.

        Again, India and China, are unstable, regional players. I would not recommend investing in these countries, or even regions, other than Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Japan, South Korea.

        I hope I have answered that.

        Posted by s.s.salem: Independent specialist | December 21, 2011, 7:30 pm
      • Hi.

        Here are two of todays’ fresh articles on same subject penned by the highest authority in the country, the man they call GOD, Sir Gus O’Donnell, head of UK civil services (the actual leader of the state).

        His argument as I have said for months, and yesterday (in response to your question), UK is about to break up:

        1. http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2011/dec/22/uk-face-break-up-civil-service

        2. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/8971787/Sir-Gus-ODonnell-The-UK-faces-break-up.html

        Posted by s.s.salem: Independent specialist | December 22, 2011, 5:14 pm
      • oops I forgot to add, it is not hard to piece things together, my friend, it’s all in the open (source intelligence).

        You do not need a PhD, an expertise on this field or such, it is all about meticulous piecing of pieces (collect, examine and see the picture).

        Posted by s.s.salem: Independent specialist | December 22, 2011, 5:16 pm
      • Correct, you don’t have to have training to have an opinion. However, the greater value of some opinions is often due to the training that the person opining has in sifting through the raw intelligence. Either that, or you’ve wasted your time taking those courses.

        Posted by David Navarre | December 22, 2011, 6:58 pm
      • No argument there, my good man. I realised, by the time I sent the second ping, that I should have added experience, especially in living within other cultures across the world, and forming real-time (or as you correctly refer to it, raw) intelligence, of their peculiarities, habits, commonalities, differences, underlying troubles, etc., is critical. And yes, education is important hence am still pursuing it.

        What I really wanted to put forward, in a sense, was any average Joe/Jane can get the picture, if s/he has a quick mind to realise how the pieces, from last year headlines, comes together with perhaps a year after, and be able to see exactly where the pattern is coming from, is at the present, and might end up to.

        Posted by s.s.salem: Independent specialist | December 22, 2011, 7:38 pm
      • By the way, old chap, I hope you don’t mind, I have added your blog-link to my website under Blogroll, if any issues, let me know.

        And I wish you and your family, a very merry seasonal time.

        Posted by s.s.salem: Independent specialist | December 22, 2011, 7:40 pm
      • Greatly appreciated, SS. May your season be merry as well.

        Posted by David Navarre | December 22, 2011, 7:49 pm

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