If you commit a crime in non-western states, these are labelled for what they are; corruption is corruption, with a capital C; electoral fraud, is electoral fraud; murder, murder; corporate fraud, etc…… But in the west, we fight hard through a ‘team of special PR people’ supported by the media, possibly blackmailed not to ”undermine the good name of western democratic model of neo-liberalism and many other craps”, as we have or create our own new or ‘soft’ wording, veiled in ”legal jargon”; for example, murder becomes, attempt to harm, especially if you are part of the establishment, if not, then as the non-western ‘bastards’, you as well face the same labelling, murderer (sort of, as it has always been, law for different people and classes); political corruption becomes ‘abuse of power’ (and even this is slowly appearing to be building into a negative connotation in the mind of average Joe/Joan).
Anyway, we will stop here for the present, as long as you get this point, that there is always an ever present form of linguistic manipulation in terms of sociological behavioural, of different classes, states, people, races and so forth, towards what is a crimes and/or social vices, in order to present these as of a lesser significance or impact away from their true criminal nature.
How The Western Democracies Rig Elections and Steal Votes?
This practise to ”have a firm handle on electoral management” is as old as Human history itself, evolving with time, and with the help of new sciences and technologies via dissemination of ideas and communicating with the electoral bases. The practise is well confirmed by the old fear of the political elites that YOU CAN NEVER TRUST THE MASSES.
In other words, the political parties, of all types, believe that it is necessary, to make use of a more contemporary wording, to ”Nudge”, that slowly encourage and push the voters towards ”more acceptable candidates and parties for power” during any voting events; referendums (hence, the wording of the question itself is biased and directing); to general elections, and even other ‘democratic activities that require full popular participation”).
The Means used, In Brief Outline:
The old, but well loved US practise, where whenever one party, democratic or republicans, have been out of power for a longer period of time they commission special demographical and geographical studies to see what areas, districts, in UK will be counties, or cities (that constituencies), to ”reshape/re-organise” so that to ‘manipulate” their chances of winning more votes against their old enemies, and old stronger party of the area.
Today, in UK we are having yet another gerrymandering practise in set, ( the last one being after the electoral victory of Labour party against the Conservatives, after along period of power of the latter) though apparently not before ‘consultation’, which in itself means nothing, as these have never really diverted the unelected present coalition government from any policies; from tuition fees, to NHS reforms, policing policies and so forth (thus, I will bet you, it will pass against whatever outcries or challenges it will face).
2. Opinion Polls
These might look harmless but have always been challenged especially by those who dared, at least to do so from the academic society to tell it as it is, that these have had a tendencies to ”nudge” or promote, and/or create popularity for one party against another, especially, in the last hour, as those who are as yet decided, the floating voters tend to be easily persuaded by external actors and sources.
3. The ”Think Tanks”
There are so many of these around, that today, more than ever, but though similar to the age of Cold War, they are at the centre of political life in the western democracies, unaccountable and highly partisan, and dangerous to the democratic concept (whatever it might be).
4. The Political Supporting Staff
With their practises of focus groups, and so forth.
5. The Media
You can always tell what paper or news channels support this party or another, and the role they play in public manipulation even resorting at times, in dirty tricks or falsified claims, especially in the last hours, not minding the ”fees” they will have to pay as long as they have got their man/woman at the centre of power.
6. The Civil Societies and Associations
These have become more partisan and dangerous, rather than Tocqueville admiration of their practises, as they tend to look toward these sources for their funding.
The list can go on and on, from ‘postal votes”, ”dead man voting”, ”phantom lists” etc.
In short, this is one of the fallacies of what democracy is, or suppose to be. No one is really free even to vote, even the Rousseau-ean claim of being free during the election time, seems to fall flat as well.
As long as the political elites harbour a natural and irrational fear of the free masses, and popular democracies, they will never allow any real democratic practises and expressions, but only illusions of it, especially to be out of their managing reach.
Thanks, oh…..HEADLINES FOR YOU (GOOD MIX):